Alternatively, it can be described as the mental faculty of recalling or recognizing previous experiences. It is vital in our everyday lives. We would be unable to operate in the current without relying on our memory.
Human memory involves three elements:
1. It enables information to be converted into a construct which is stored in the mind. It’s a process that starts with perception through the senses. The creation of memory starts with attention. A memorable occasion causes neurons in the brain to fire more often, which makes the experience more intense and increasing the likelihood that the event is encoded as a memory. Emotion tends to increase attention.
2. Storing and keeping data – Storing and retaining is the more or less passive process of retaining information in the brain, while it’s the sensory memory, the short-term memory or the more permanent long-term memory. The more the information is repeated or employed, the more likely it is to be retained in long-term memory.
3. Recalling – Recalling of memory identifies the subsequent re-accessing of events or data from the past, which have been previously encoded and stored in the brain. In common parlance, it’s known as remembering.
But, memory is malleable and it has a tendency to rust with age. So, one can stay sharp by learning about the science of recollection.
The human brain has an incredible ability to reshape itself when it comes to memory and learning. The brain’s natural power of neuroplasticity enables us to learn and improve our memory at any given age.
Ways to sharpen memory –
The following are some of the important methods to sharpen memory:
Exercise your brain – Memory, like muscle strength, requires you to”use it or lose it.” The more one works out one’s brain, the better one will have the ability to process and remember information. To strengthen the mind, one wants to keep developing and learning new skills. The activity needs to be something that is unknown and outside of our comfort zone. The activity should be challenging one. An activity, which allows starting at a simple level and works our way up as our skills improve, compelling us to continue to extend our capabilities, is more appropriate.
Perhaps, exercise plays an significant role in neuroplasticity by fostering growth factors and stimulating new neuronal connections. Aerobic exercise is particularly great for the brain, so we should choose activities that maintain our blood pumping. Overall, any physical exercise that is good for our heart is terrific for our brain. A year of regular aerobic exercise can up the size of an adult’s hippocampus by 2 percent, says research from the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign. The researchers also have discovered that regular strength training may boost short¬ and long¬ term memory functionality and attention.
Proceed for the joe – The researchers have found that caffeine blocks inflammation in the brain, especially adenosine receptors, which can begin a chain reaction that begins the brain’s cognitive decline. The amount of caffeine we consume depends upon the strength of the coffee and the size of the cup. An individual should not go beyond the limitation of drinking three cups of joe of standard size daily to derive the benefit. To the contrary, consuming more coffee than this may adversely affect mental health.
Develop healthy sleep habits – Over 95 percent of adults need between 7.5 to 9 hours of sleep every night in order to avoid sleep deprivation. Even skimping on a few hours makes a difference! Memory, imagination, problem-solving abilities, and critical thinking skills are all compromised.
Make friends – People are highly sociable. We’re not supposed to survive, let alone flourish, in isolation. Relationships stimulate our brains. In actuality, interacting with others could be the best kind of brain exercise. Research shows that having meaningful friendships are vital not only to psychological health but also to brain health. Researchers also have found that individuals with the most active social lives has the most rapid rate of memory decline.
Keep stress in check – Anxiety is one of the brain’s worst enemies. Over time, chronic stress destroys brain cells and damages the hippocampus, the region of the brain involved in the formation of new memories as well as the recovery of old ones. Studies also have linked stress to memory loss.
Eat brain-boosting food – A diet based on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, healthy fats (such as olive oil, nuts, fish) and lean protein provides a great deal of health benefits. Such a diet may also improve memory. For brain health, it is significant that it’s not just what we eat, it is also what we don’t eat.
Improve skills to memorize – We can take practical steps to support learning and memory by the following:
• Involving as many senses as possible,
• Relating information to what we already know,
• Focusing on understanding fundamental ideas for more complex material,
• Rehearsing information we’ve already learned,
• Using mnemonic devices to make memorization easier.
The bottom line is that human memory tends to diminish with age but, on the contrary, it is malleable because of brain’s remarkable power of neuroplasticity. We can sharpen our memory by taking appropriate measures, which are within the reach of everybody but they have to be practiced regularly and effectively.